Article Text

Download PDFPDF

Community-based outreach may reduce distress in women exposed to intimate partner abuse more than system-based referral

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


Question: What is the impact of community-based outreach on psychological distress in women exposed to intimate partner abuse (IPA)?

Patients: All 827 female adult victims of non-sexual IPA by a male adult offender reported to the police. Women were randomised by interdisciplinary victim-service team leader based on their IPA report, who were then initially contacted by the criminal justice system-based victim's advocate to assess their needs. Of 827 women randomised, only 236 (28.5%) could be contacted and enrolled in the study.

Setting: Single jurisdiction, large urban city, Rocky Mountain West, USA; recruitment December 2007–July 2008.

Intervention: A community-based outreach programme was compared with criminal justice system-based referral. Outreach involved a selected community-based agency contacting the woman by telephone. Conversations were confidential, and tailored support and services were offered. Referral involved a criminal justice system-based victim's advocate providing the woman with basic information about existing community agencies recommended by the interdisciplinary victim service team. The woman would then need to contact appropriate …

View Full Text

Supplementary materials

  • Supplementary Data

    This web only file has been produced by the BMJ Publishing Group from an electronic file supplied by the author(s) and has not been edited for content.

    Files in this Data Supplement:



  • Competing interests None.