Table 3

Individual SEMs with both paranoia and social anxiety as the response variables

Individual SEM resultsWald test analysis to compare the two regression coefficients
Response variableExplanatory variableBSEAdjusted P value β R2 BSE BAdjusted P value β SE β Adjusted P value
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Worry
Worry
0.584
0.604
0.012
0.010
<0.001
<0.001
0.504
0.657
0.254
0.432
−0.0190.0110.18−0.1530.007<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Defences
Defences
0.919
0.812
0.009
0.009
<0.001
<0.001
0.782
0.716
0.612
0.513
0.1070.008<0.0010.0660.006<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Positive beliefs
Positive beliefs
−0.317
−0.474
0.014
0.011
<0.001
<0.001
−0.262
−0.495
0.069
0.245
0.1570.012<0.0010.2330.010<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Negative beliefs
Negative beliefs
0.794
0.654
0.013
0.012
<0.001
<0.001
0.678
0.701
0.459
0.492
0.1410.013<0.001−0.0230.009<0.05
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Dissociation
Dissociation
0.802
0.605
0.011
0.011
<0.001
<0.001
0.699
0.662
0.488
0.439
0.1970.012<0.0010.0360.008<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Hallucinations
Hallucinations
0.698
0.446
0.011
0.009
<0.001
<0.001
0.707
0.566
0.499
0.321
0.2520.011<0.0010.1400.008<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Negative images
Negative images
0.664
0.442
0.010
0.008
<0.001
<0.001
0.730
0.610
0.533
0.372
0.2220.010<0.0010.1200.008<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Aberrant salience
Aberrant salience
0.667
0.518
0.011
0.011
<0.001
<0.001
0.611
0.504
0.373
0.254
0.1490.010<0.0010.1070.009<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Anxiety sensitivity
Anxiety sensitivity
0.758
0.723
0.013
0.012
<0.001
<0.001
0.632
0.760
0.399
0.577
0.0350.013<0.05−0.1280.008<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Agoraphobic avoidance
Agoraphobic avoidance
0.625
0.585
0.014
0.014
<0.001
<0.001
0.574
0.571
0.329
0.326
0.0400.012<0.010.0030.0110.836
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Agoraphobic distress
Agoraphobic distress
0.266
0.236
0.005
0.004
<0.001
<0.001
0.604
0.672
0.364
0.452
0.0300.005<0.001−0.0690.009<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Analytical reasoning
Analytical reasoning
−0.581
−0.728
0.031
0.023
<0.001
<0.001
−0.234
−0.369
0.055
0.136
0.1470.028<0.0010.1350.011<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Insomnia
Insomnia
0.699
0.649
0.014
0.012
<0.001
<0.001
0.549
0.643
0.413
0.413
0.0500.013<0.001−0.0930.008<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Locus of control
Locus of control
0.621
0.740
0.015
0.013
<0.001
<0.001
0.433
0.651
0.187
0.423
−0.1190.014<0.001−0.2180.008<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Alcohol use
Alcohol use
0.344
0.169
0.019
0.014
<0.001
<0.001
0.252
0.156
0.063
0.024
0.1750.013<0.0010.0960.010<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Discrimination
Discrimination
0.712
0.516
0.015
0.014
<0.001
<0.001
0.664
0.511
0.440
0.262
0.1960.011<0.0010.1520.010<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Bullying
Bullying
0.564
0.556
0.014
0.013
<0.001
<0.001
0.464
0.490
0.216
0.240
0.0080.0120.49−0.0250.010<0.05
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Childhood mistreatment
Childhood mistreatment
0.622
0.511
0.015
0.014
<0.001
<0.001
0.541
0.475
0.293
0.226
0.1100.012<0.0010.0660.010<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Social support
Social support
−0.228
−0.175
0.010
0.008
<0.001
<0.001
−0.261
−0.252
0.068
0.064
−0.0530.009<0.001−0.0080.0100.836
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Cannabis use
Cannabis use
0.345
0.202
0.013
0.009
<0.001
<0.001
0.311
0.229
0.100
0.055
0.1430.010<0.0010.0810.009<0.001
Paranoia
Social anxiety
Stressful life events
Stressful life events
0.373
0.222
0.020
0.015
<0.001
<0.001
0.336
0.252
0.078
0.044
0.1500.012<0.0010.0840.009<0.001
  • B denotes unstandardised coefficient; β indicates standardised coefficient. Adjusted p value based on Holm.50

  • SEM, structural equation modelling.